# ulab – Manipulate numeric data similar to numpy¶

ulab is a numpy-like module for micropython, meant to simplify and speed up common mathematical operations on arrays. The primary goal was to implement a small subset of numpy that might be useful in the context of a microcontroller. This means low-level data processing of linear (array) and two-dimensional (matrix) data.

ulab is adapted from micropython-ulab, and the original project’s documentation can be found at https://micropython-ulab.readthedocs.io/en/latest/

ulab is modeled after numpy, and aims to be a compatible subset where possible. Numpy’s documentation can be found at https://docs.scipy.org/doc/numpy/index.html

ulab._DType
ulab._Index
ulab._float

Type alias of the bulitin float

class ulab.array(values: Union[array, Iterable[_float], Iterable[Iterable[_float]]], *, dtype: _DType = float)

1- and 2- dimensional array

Parameters: values (sequence) – Sequence giving the initial content of the array. dtype – The type of array values, int8, uint8, int16, uint16, or float

The values sequence can either be another ~ulab.array, sequence of numbers (in which case a 1-dimensional array is created), or a sequence where each subsequence has the same length (in which case a 2-dimensional array is created). Passing a ~ulab.array and a different dtype can be used to convert an array from one dtype to another. In many cases, it is more convenient to create an array from a function like zeros or linspace. ulab.array implements the buffer protocol, so it can be used in many places an array.array can be used.

shape :Union[Tuple[int], Tuple[int, int]]

The size of the array, a tuple of length 1 or 2

size :int

The number of elements in the array

itemsize :int

The size of a single item in the array

flatten(self, *, order: str = 'C')
Parameters: order – Whether to flatten by rows (‘C’) or columns (‘F’)

Returns a new ulab.array object which is always 1 dimensional. If order is ‘C’ (the default”, then the data is ordered in rows; If it is ‘F’, then the data is ordered in columns. “C” and “F” refer to the typical storage organization of the C and Fortran languages.

reshape(self, shape: Tuple[int, int])

Returns an array containing the same data with a new shape.

sort(self, *, axis: Optional[int] = 1)
Parameters: axis – Whether to sort elements within rows (0), columns (1), or elements (None)
transpose(self)

Swap the rows and columns of a 2-dimensional array

__add__(self, other: Union[array, _float])

Adds corresponding elements of the two arrays, or adds a number to all elements of the array. If both arguments are arrays, their sizes must match.

__radd__(self, other: _float)
__sub__(self, other: Union[array, _float])

Subtracts corresponding elements of the two arrays, or subtracts a number from all elements of the array. If both arguments are arrays, their sizes must match.

__rsub__(self, other: _float)
__mul__(self, other: Union[array, _float])

Multiplies corresponding elements of the two arrays, or multiplies all elements of the array by a number. If both arguments are arrays, their sizes must match.

__rmul__(self, other: _float)
__div__(self, other: Union[array, _float])

Multiplies corresponding elements of the two arrays, or divides all elements of the array by a number. If both arguments are arrays, their sizes must match.

__rdiv__(self, other: _float)
__pow__(self, other: Union[array, _float])

Computes the power (x**y) of corresponding elements of the the two arrays, or one number and one array. If both arguments are arrays, their sizes must match.

__rpow__(self, other: _float)
__inv__(self)
__neg__(self)
__pos__(self)
__abs__(self)
__len__(self)
__lt__(self, other: Union[array, _float])

Return self<value.

__le__(self, other: Union[array, _float])

Return self<=value.

__gt__(self, other: Union[array, _float])

Return self>value.

__ge__(self, other: Union[array, _float])

Return self>=value.

__iter__(self)
__getitem__(self, index: _Index)

Retrieve an element of the array.

__setitem__(self, index: _Index, value: Union[array, _float])

Set an element of the array.

ulab._ArrayLike

ulab.array, List[float], Tuple[float] or range

ulab.int8 :_DType

Type code for signed integers in the range -128 .. 127 inclusive, like the ‘b’ typecode of array.array

ulab.int16 :_DType

Type code for signed integers in the range -32768 .. 32767 inclusive, like the ‘h’ typecode of array.array

ulab.float :_DType

Type code for floating point values, like the ‘f’ typecode of array.array

ulab.uint8 :_DType

Type code for unsigned integers in the range 0 .. 255 inclusive, like the ‘H’ typecode of array.array

ulab.uint16 :_DType

Type code for unsigned integers in the range 0 .. 65535 inclusive, like the ‘h’ typecode of array.array

ulab.arange(stop: _float, step: _float = 1, dtype: _DType = float) → array
ulab.arange(start: _float, stop: _float, step: _float = 1, dtype: _DType = float) → array

Return a new 1-D array with elements ranging from start to stop, with step size step.

ulab.eye(size: int, *, dtype: _DType = float) → array

Return a new square array of size, with the diagonal elements set to 1 and the other elements set to 0.

ulab.linspace(start: _float, stop: _float, *, dtype: _DType = float, num: int = 50, endpoint: bool = True) → array

Return a new 1-D array with num elements ranging from start to stop linearly.

ulab.ones(shape: Union[int, Tuple[int, int]], *, dtype: _DType = float) → array

Return a new array of the given shape with all elements set to 1.

ulab.zeros(shape: Union[int, Tuple[int, int]], *, dtype: _DType = float) → array

Return a new array of the given shape with all elements set to 0.