This repository contains a selection of packages emulating the CircuitPython API for devices or hosts running CPython or MicroPython. Working code exists to emulate these CircuitPython packages:
- analogio - analog input/output pins, using pin identities from board+microcontroller packages
- bitbangio - software-driven interfaces for I2C, SPI
- board - breakout-specific pin identities
- busio - hardware-driven interfaces for I2C, SPI, UART
- digitalio - digital input/output pins, using pin identities from board+microcontroller packages
- keypad - support for scanning keys and key matrices
- microcontroller - chip-specific pin identities
- micropython - MicroPython-specific module
- neopixel_write - low-level interface to NeoPixels
- pulseio - contains classes that provide access to basic pulse IO (PWM)
- pwmio - contains classes that provide access to basic pulse IO (PWM)
- rainbowio - provides the colorwheel() function
For details, see the Blinka API reference.
The emulation described above is intended to provide a CircuitPython-like API for devices which are running CPython or Micropython. Since corresponding packages should be built-in to any standard CircuitPython image, they have no value on a device already running CircuitPython and would likely conflict in unhappy ways.
The test suites in the test/src folder under testing.universal are by design intended to run on either CircuitPython or CPython/Micropython+compatibility layer to prove conformance.
Installing from PyPI¶
On supported GNU/Linux systems like the Raspberry Pi, you can install the driver locally from PyPI. To install for current user:
pip3 install Adafruit-Blinka
To install system-wide (this may be required in some cases):
sudo pip3 install Adafruit-Blinka
To install in a virtual environment in your current project:
mkdir project-name && cd project-name python3 -m venv .env source .env/bin/activate pip3 install Adafruit-Blinka
At the time of writing (git:7fc1f8ab), the following sequence runs through some basic testing of the digitalio compatibility layer…
from testing import test_module_name test_module_name("testing.universal.digitalio")
An example log from running the suites is here .
Contributions are welcome! Please read our Code of Conduct before contributing to help this project stay welcoming.
Sphinx is used to build the documentation based on rST files and comments in the code. First, install dependencies (feel free to reuse the virtual environment from above):
python3 -m venv .env source .env/bin/activate pip install Sphinx sphinx-rtd-theme Adafruit-PlatformDetect
Now, once you have the virtual environment activated:
cd docs sphinx-build -E -W -b html . _build/html
This will output the documentation to
docs/_build/html. Open the index.html in your browser to
view them. It will also (due to -W) error out on any warning like Travis will. This is a good way to
locally verify it will pass.
Table of Contents¶
adafruit_blinka- Runtime utility objects for re-implementation of CircuitPython API
analogio- Analog input and output control
bitbangio- Bitbanged bus protocols
board- Define ids for available pins
busio- Bus protocol support like I2C and SPI
digitalio- Digital input and output control (GPIO)
keypad- Support for scanning keys and key matrices
microcontroller- Pin references and cpu functionality
micropython- MicroPython Specific Decorator Functions
neopixel_write- NeoPixel precision timed writing support
pulseio- Pulse Width Modulation input and output control
pwmio- Support for PWM based protocols
rainbowio- Provides the