Introduction to Adafruit’s PCF8563 Real Time Clock (RTC) Library¶
This is a great battery-backed real time clock (RTC) that allows your microcontroller project to keep track of time even if it is reprogrammed, or if the power is lost. Perfect for datalogging, clock-building, time stamping, timers and alarms, etc.
The PCF8563 is simple and inexpensive but not a high precision device. It may lose or gain multiple seconds a day. For a high-precision, temperature compensated alternative, please check out the DS3231 precision RTC. If you need a DS1307 for compatibility reasons, check out our DS1307 RTC breakout.
This driver depends on the Register and Bus Device libraries. Please ensure they are also available on the CircuitPython filesystem. This is easily achieved by downloading a library and driver bundle.
Installing from PyPI¶
On supported GNU/Linux systems like the Raspberry Pi, you can install the driver locally from PyPI. To install for current user:
pip3 install adafruit-circuitpython-pcf8563
To install system-wide (this may be required in some cases):
sudo pip3 install adafruit-circuitpython-pcf8563
To install in a virtual environment in your current project:
mkdir project-name && cd project-name python3 -m venv .env source .env/bin/activate pip3 install adafruit-circuitpython-pcf8563
Of course, you must import the library to use it:
import busio import adafruit_pcf8563 import time
All the Adafruit RTC libraries take an instantiated and active I2C object
busio library) as an argument to their constructor. The way to
create an I2C object depends on the board you are using. For boards with labeled
SCL and SDA pins, you can:
from board import *
Now, to initialize the I2C bus:
i2c_bus = board.I2C()
Once you have created the I2C interface object, you can use it to instantiate the RTC object:
rtc = adafruit_pcf8563.PCF8563(i2c_bus)
Date and time¶
To set the time, you need to set
datetime to a
rtc.datetime = time.struct_time((2017,1,9,15,6,0,0,9,-1))
After the RTC is set, you retrieve the time by reading the
attribute and access the standard attributes of a struct_time such as
t = rtc.datetime print(t) print(t.tm_hour, t.tm_min)
rtc.alarm = (time.struct_time((2017,1,9,15,6,0,0,9,-1)), "daily")
After the RTC is set, you retrieve the alarm status by reading the
alarm_status attribute. Once True, set it back to False to reset.
if rtc.alarm_status: print("wake up!") rtc.alarm_status = False
API documentation for this library can be found on Read the Docs.
Contributions are welcome! Please read our Code of Conduct before contributing to help this project stay welcoming.
For information on building library documentation, please check out this guide.