adafruit_portalbase

Base Library for the Portal-style libraries.

  • Author(s): Melissa LeBlanc-Williams

Implementation Notes

Software and Dependencies:

class adafruit_portalbase.PortalBase(network, graphics, *, url=None, headers=None, json_path=None, regexp_path=None, json_transform=None, success_callback=None, debug=False)

Class representing the Adafruit MagTag.

Parameters
  • network – An initialized network class instance.

  • graphics – An initialized graphics class instance.

  • url – The URL of your data source. Defaults to None.

  • headers – The headers for authentication, typically used by Azure API’s.

  • json_path – The list of json traversal to get data out of. Can be list of lists for multiple data points. Defaults to None to not use json.

  • regexp_path – The list of regexp strings to get data out (use a single regexp group). Can be list of regexps for multiple data points. Defaults to None to not use regexp.

  • default_bg – The path to your default background image file or a hex color. Defaults to 0x000000.

  • status_neopixel – The pin for the status NeoPixel. Use board.NEOPIXEL for the on-board NeoPixel. Defaults to None, to not use the status LED

  • json_transform – A function or a list of functions to call with the parsed JSON. Changes and additions are permitted for the dict object.

  • success_callback – A function we’ll call if you like, when we fetch data successfully. Defaults to None.

  • debug – Turn on debug print outs. Defaults to False.

add_text(text_position=(0, 0), text_font=<fontio.BuiltinFont object>, text_color=0, text_wrap=0, text_maxlen=0, text_transform=None, text_scale=1, line_spacing=1.25, text_anchor_point=(0, 0.5), is_data=True, text=None)

Add text labels with settings

Parameters
  • text_font (str) – The path to your font file for your data text display.

  • text_position – The position of your extracted text on the display in an (x, y) tuple. Can be a list of tuples for when there’s a list of json_paths, for example.

  • text_color – The color of the text, in 0xRRGGBB format. Can be a list of colors for when there’s multiple texts. Defaults to None.

  • text_wrap – When non-zero, the maximum number of characters on each line before text is wrapped. (for long text data chunks). Defaults to 0, no wrapping.

  • text_maxlen – The max length of the text. If non-zero, it will be truncated to this length. Defaults to 0.

  • text_transform – A function that will be called on the text before display

  • text_scale (int) – The factor to scale the default size of the text by

  • line_spacing (float) – The factor to space the lines apart

  • text_anchor_point ((float,float)) – Values between 0 and 1 to indicate where the text position is relative to the label

  • is_data (bool) – If True, fetch will attempt to update the label

  • text (str) – If this is provided, it will set the initial text of the label.

enter_light_sleep(sleep_time)

Enter light sleep and resume the program after a certain period of time.

See https://circuitpython.readthedocs.io/en/latest/shared-bindings/alarm/index.html for more details.

Parameters

sleep_time (float) – The amount of time to sleep in seconds

exit_and_deep_sleep(sleep_time)

Stops the current program and enters deep sleep. The program is restarted from the beginning after a certain period of time.

See https://circuitpython.readthedocs.io/en/latest/shared-bindings/alarm/index.html for more details.

Parameters

sleep_time (float) – The amount of time to sleep in seconds

fetch(refresh_url=None, timeout=10)

Fetch data from the url we initialized with, perfom any parsing, and display text or graphics. This function does pretty much everything Optionally update the URL

Parameters
  • refresh_url (str) – The overriding URL to fetch from. Defaults to None.

  • timeout (int) – The timeout period in seconds.

get_io_data(feed_key)

Return all values from the Adafruit IO Feed Data that matches the feed key

Parameters

feed_key (str) – Name of feed key to receive data from.

get_io_feed(feed_key, detailed=False)

Return the Adafruit IO Feed that matches the feed key

Parameters
  • feed_key (str) – Name of feed key to match.

  • detailed (bool) – Whether to return additional detailed information

get_io_group(group_key)

Return the Adafruit IO Group that matches the group key

Parameters

group_key (str) – Name of group key to match.

get_local_time(location=None)

Accessor function for get_local_time()

static html_color_convert(color)

Convert an HTML color code to an integer

Parameters

color – The color value to be converted

property json_path

Get or set the list of json traversal to get data out of. Can be list of lists for multiple data points.

preload_font(glyphs=None, index=0)

Preload font.

Parameters

glyphs – The font glyphs to load. Defaults to None, uses alphanumeric glyphs if None.

push_to_io(feed_key, data)

Push data to an adafruit.io feed

Parameters
  • feed_key (str) – Name of feed key to push data to.

  • data – data to send to feed

set_background(file_or_color, position=None)

The background image to a bitmap file.

Parameters

file_or_color – The filename of the chosen background image, or a hex color.

set_headers(headers)

Set the headers used by fetch().

Parameters

headers – The new header dictionary

set_text(val, index=0)

Display text, with indexing into our list of text boxes.

Parameters
  • val (str) – The text to be displayed

  • index – Defaults to 0.

set_text_color(color, index=0)

Update the text color, with indexing into our list of text boxes.

Parameters
  • color (int) – The color value to be used

  • index – Defaults to 0.

static wrap_nicely(string, max_chars)

A helper that will return a list of lines with word-break wrapping.

Parameters
  • string (str) – The text to be wrapped.

  • max_chars (int) – The maximum number of characters on a line before wrapping.

adafruit_portalbase.graphics

Base Library for the Portal-style libraries.

  • Author(s): Melissa LeBlanc-Williams

Implementation Notes

Software and Dependencies:

class adafruit_portalbase.graphics.GraphicsBase(display, *, default_bg=0, scale=1, debug=False)

Graphics Base Class for the Portal-style libraries.

Parameters
  • display – An initialized display.

  • default_bg – The path to your default background image file or a hex color. Defaults to 0x000000.

  • auto_refresh (bool) – Automatically refresh the eInk after writing to displayio. Defaults to True.

  • debug – Turn on debug print outs. Defaults to False.

qrcode(qr_data, *, qr_size=1, x=0, y=0, qr_color=0)

Display a QR code

Parameters
  • qr_data – The data for the QR code.

  • qr_size (int) – The scale of the QR code.

  • x – The x position of upper left corner of the QR code on the display.

  • y – The y position of upper left corner of the QR code on the display.

set_background(file_or_color, position=None)

The background image to a bitmap file.

Parameters
  • file_or_color – The filename of the chosen background image, or a hex color.

  • position (tuple) – Optional x and y coordinates to place the background at.

adafruit_portalbase.network

Base Library for the Portal-style libraries.

  • Author(s): Melissa LeBlanc-Williams

Implementation Notes

Software and Dependencies:

exception adafruit_portalbase.network.HttpError

HTTP Specific Error

class adafruit_portalbase.network.NetworkBase(wifi_module, *, extract_values=True, debug=False, secrets_data=None)

Network Base Class for the Portal-style libraries.

Parameters
  • wifi_module – An initialized WiFi Module that encapsulates the WiFi communications

  • extract_values (bool) – If true, single-length fetched values are automatically extracted from lists and tuples. Defaults to True.

  • debug – Turn on debug print outs. Defaults to False.

  • secrets_data (list) – An optional list in place of the data contained in the secrets.py file

add_json_content_type(content_type)

Add a JSON content type

Parameters

type (str) – The content JSON type like ‘application/json’

add_json_transform(json_transform)

Add a function that is applied to JSON data when data is fetched

Parameters

json_transform – A function or a list of functions to call with the parsed JSON. Changes and additions are permitted for the dict object.

check_response(response)

Check the response object status code, change the lights, and return content type

Parameters

response – The response object from a network call

connect()

Connect to WiFi using the settings found in secrets.py

fetch(url, *, headers=None, timeout=10)

Fetch data from the specified url and return a response object

Parameters
  • url (str) – The URL to fetch from.

  • headers (dict) – Extra headers to include in the request.

  • timeout (int) – The timeout period in seconds.

fetch_data(url, *, headers=None, json_path=None, regexp_path=None, timeout=10)

Fetch data from the specified url and perfom any parsing

Parameters
  • url (str) – The URL to fetch from.

  • headers (dict) – Extra headers to include in the request.

  • json_path – The path to drill down into the JSON data.

  • regexp_path – The path formatted as a regular expression to search the text data.

  • timeout (int) – The timeout period in seconds.

get_io_data(feed_key)

Return all values from Adafruit IO Feed Data that matches the feed key

Parameters

feed_key (str) – Name of feed key to receive data from.

get_io_feed(feed_key, detailed=False)

Return the Adafruit IO Feed that matches the feed key

Parameters
  • feed_key (str) – Name of feed key to match.

  • detailed (bool) – Whether to return additional detailed information

get_io_group(group_key)

Return the Adafruit IO Group that matches the group key

Parameters

group_key (str) – Name of group key to match.

get_local_time(location=None)

Fetch and “set” the local time of this microcontroller to the local time at the location, using an internet time API.

Parameters

location (str) – Your city and country, e.g. "America/New_York".

get_strftime(time_format, location=None)

Fetch a custom strftime relative to your location.

Parameters

location (str) – Your city and country, e.g. "America/New_York".

static json_traverse(json, path)

Traverse down the specified JSON path and return the value or values

Parameters
  • json – JSON data to traverse

  • path (list) – The path that we want to follow

neo_status(value)

The status NeoPixel.

Parameters

value – The color to change the NeoPixel.

process_json(json_data, json_path)

Process JSON content

Parameters
  • json_data (dict) – The JSON data as a dict

  • json_path – The path to drill down into the JSON data.

static process_text(text, regexp_path)

Process text content

Parameters
  • text (str) – The entire text content

  • regexp_path – The path formatted as a regular expression to search the text data.

push_to_io(feed_key, data)

Push data to an adafruit.io feed

Parameters
  • feed_key (str) – Name of feed key to push data to.

  • data – data to send to feed

static url_encode(url)

A function to perform minimal URL encoding

wget(url, filename, *, chunk_size=12000)

Download a url and save to filename location, like the command wget.

Parameters
  • url – The URL from which to obtain the data.

  • filename – The name of the file to save the data to.

  • chunk_size – how much data to read/write at a time.

adafruit_portalbase.wifi_esp32s2

WiFi Helper module for the ESP32-S2 based boards.

  • Author(s): Melissa LeBlanc-Williams

Implementation Notes

Software and Dependencies:

class adafruit_portalbase.wifi_esp32s2.WiFi(*, status_led=None)

Class representing the WiFi portion of the ESP32-S2.

Parameters

status_led – The initialized object for status DotStar, NeoPixel, or RGB LED. Defaults to None, to not use the status LED

connect(ssid, password)

Connect to the WiFi Network using the information provided

Parameters
  • ssid – The WiFi name

  • password – The WiFi password

property enabled

Return whether the WiFi Radio is enabled

property ip_address

Return the IP Version 4 Address

property is_connected

Return whether we have already connected since reconnections are handled automatically.

neo_status(value)

The status DotStar.

Parameters

value – The color to change the DotStar.

adafruit_portalbase.wifi_coprocessor

WiFi Helper module for the board using the WiFi CoProcessor.

  • Author(s): Melissa LeBlanc-Williams

Implementation Notes

Software and Dependencies:

class adafruit_portalbase.wifi_coprocessor.WiFi(*, status_led=None, esp=None, external_spi=None)

Class representing the ESP.

Parameters
  • status_led – The initialized object for status DotStar, NeoPixel, or RGB LED. Defaults to None, to not use the status LED

  • esp – A passed ESP32 object, Can be used in cases where the ESP32 chip needs to be used before calling the pyportal class. Defaults to None.

  • external_spi (busio.SPI) – A previously declared spi object. Defaults to None.

connect(ssid, password)

Connect to WiFi using the settings found in secrets.py

property enabled

Not currently disablable on the ESP32 Coprocessor

property is_connected

Return whether we are connected.

manager(secrets)

Initialize the WiFi Manager if it hasn’t been cached and return it

neo_status(value)

The status NeoPixel.

Parameters

value – The color to change the NeoPixel.